Nepal: Current Situation
Nepal is among the poorest, least developed countries in the world. 25 per cent of the population lives on less than US $0.50 per day. Malnutrition rates are alarming: 41 per cent of the country’s children under five are stunted. Child mortality rates are high, especially in remote mountain villages where children die of common childhood diseases. These figures are related to low literacy rates.
Exclusion, abject poverty and hunger erupted into civil war in 1996. The killing and destruction raged for ten years; it left no one untouched. The end of the war saw what little infrastructure there had been destroyed. Since then, continued political instability, high prices, and extreme natural disasters have pushed the country further into chaos and hunger. Massive earthquakes in 2015 killed thousands and displaced many more. In the mountains, the farmers lost everything—their homes, their tools and their livelihoods. Two years later, most are still in temporary housing and nearly a million children are out of school.